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Ch18. 拆招CMF設計談不分青紅皂白

CMF is a specific discipline within industrial design that focuses on the development of a product’s color, material, and finish. Unwrap CMF shares bite-sized stories of CMF Design to inform and inspire those interested in this niche yet fascinating field, with digestible contents for anyone and everyone. Comments and inspirations are welcome!

Complaint warning ⚠️ I started the restoration of a mid-century house in May, including rust-removal and new painting to restore its white window gratings. The house was once a home to a family half a century ago. Its white walls and tiles are tinted in a warm tone, hinting the trace of time. (中文請見下方)

This Monday, less than 24 hours from my previous visit, the painter had gone through 60% of the windows. The new white did not blend in. To be more specific, imagine the white color of a commercial freezer, cold and pulse-less, incompatible with the historical sentiment of the old house.

What bothers me more is that the painter had confirmed with me using color cards for vendor A, and ended using paint of the same color name from vendor B. When I took the color cards to point out the difference, he threw out his famous quote: “There is only one kind of white!” .

He wouldn’t have said so if he’d knew my expertise in colors ?

Many people mistakenly believe that black and white are the easiest colors to control. On the contrary, because of the hueless characteristic of white, any slight aberration becomes particularly visible. For black and white, any difference becomes dramatic even for a tiny adjustment in tonality, material, or gloss.

And of course, colors of the same name at different vendors are indeed different colors! Therefore, when communicating with suppliers, be sure to use physical color chips as the standard. If that is not available, after agreeing to a benchmark (Pantone color code, reference picture, etc.), be sure to personally confirm the color sample after its adjustment.

In case if you are curious about what happened with the windows: we finally agreed to a new paint of a balanced tonality, but there were so many other CMF issues! Let’s wrap up here before it turns into another chapter of CMF lesson ?

Continue reading:
Ch13. Unwrapping CMF Design on Sample Signing
Ch14. Unwrapping CMF Design on Unavoidable Color Differences

CMF為Color Material and Finishing,屬於工業設計旗下專注於產品色彩、材質、及表面處理工藝的關鍵一環。Unwrap CMF彩材拆拆圍繞著這個主題,以淺而易懂的小故事拆解CMF設計的日常。歡迎留言分享!

抱怨文警告⚠️ 我在五月底啟動老屋修復的工程,其中包括將鐵花窗除鏽上漆,恢復原始的白色。老屋本身是五十多年歷史的住宅,白牆和磁磚之間藴育著淡淡的暖色調,是時光荏苒的痕跡,也是伴隨著柴米油鹽的溫熱脈搏。

就在這週一,明明前一日場勘都只有底漆的鐵花窗,不到24小時的時間,師傅就迅速的將六成的鐵花窗上了顏色。新的白色油漆彷彿不速之客,它的冷色調在老屋之間顯得突兀而冰冷。如果要形容得更具體一些,是冷凍櫃的那種漆白色,冰爽卻也冷酷,與帶有歷史情感的老屋格格不入。

最令人惱火的是,明明拿著A廠的色卡跟我確認之後,師傅最終卻用了B廠的同名油漆。當我拿著色卡指出兩者的差異時,師傅丟出了他的名言:「白色只有一種啦!」

如果他知道我在色彩方面的專業知識,敢情他不會這麼說?

許多人都誤以為黑白色是最容易掌控的顏色。殊不知,正因為白色本身的零色相,反而使任何細微的色差格外明顯。無論是黑色或白色,都容易因為冷暖材質光澤等微乎其微的調整而產生明顯的色差。

如果將冷暖不同調的部件放在一起,兩者之間的差異又更為顯眼。

再來,同樣的顏色名在不同的廠牌就是不同顏色。顏色並不會因為有相同的命名就長得一模一樣。因此,在與供應商溝通時,務必要使用實體的色板作為溝通的依據標準。如果沒有實體的標準色板,在立定一個基準之後(比如潘通色號、參考圖片等)之後,務必要親自確認調色後的顏色樣。

鐵花窗的後續:總算是重新調和了冷暖適中的白色,但身為不挑惕的屋主,橘皮、積漆、工作態度等問題還是嚴重到令人髮指的程度… 這邊就不繼續哰叨,不然光是鐵花窗就可以生出好多篇CMF科普文惹?

延伸閱讀:
Ch13. 拆招CMF設計談做一個簽樣的動作
Ch14. 拆招CMF設計談難以避免的色差

單單是白色塑膠底材,就能有多種深淺冷暖。
As simple as white plastic substrate can come in diverse range of darkness and tonality.
基於白色本身的零色相,反而更容易因冷暖、材質、光澤等細微的調整而呈現明顯的色差。
Due to the hueless characteristic of white, any difference becomes dramatic even for a tiny adjustment in tonality, material, or gloss.
極微量的幻彩色粉就能使白色「不那麼白」。
Very tiny bit of iridescent content can already cause white to appear “not as white”.
同名顏色在不同廠商就是不同顏色!
The colors of the same name at different vendors are indeed different colors!




CMF學無止境,善用CMF關鍵字在網上深入鑽研,歡迎大家留言補充。
Enjoy learning? Use the CMF terminologies mentioned above and continue on with your own research journey on the web. Comments and inspirations are welcome!
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Problem-solving ??? ?????. Former head of CMF at Motorola. A New York-based and world-traveling Design Consultant with over 13 years of specialty in CMF Design. 高雄囡仔,前摩托羅拉CMF設計團隊負責人,目前定居於紐約並遊牧世界,任自由撰稿人兼CMF設計顧問,持續投入在CMF設計的科普推廣,並為WGSN及羅技等公司提供CMF專案支持或諮詢服務。

2 thoughts

  1. 所有跟顏色有關的事情經常都會遇到一樣的問題,只要不在場或是略有閃神,施作人往往會基於施作方便就隨性製作,難的倒不是做錯,往往說服要去更改回原始設計的才是最耗時費工的。

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